Quick Nutrition Guide from Providence Vets

petfoodinstitute.org    Vitamin K is essential in maintaining healthy bones and blood in dogs.

Sound nutrition is critical to promoting any pet’s wellbeing. From nose to tail, key nutrients help support a dog’s or cat’s growth and structure, body systems and metabolism. A “complete and balanced” pet food recipe will contain the vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids and proteins and amino acids considered essential to these processes.

Pet owners still wonder what nutrients are required for complete and balanced nutrition and how can they help support their pets’ health. The Association of American Feed Control Officials has categorized the nutrients essential to dogs, as well as other important nutrients and some of their main functions. 

Categories include: Fat-soluble vitamins, water-soluble vitamins, minerals, proteins and amino acids, fats and carbohydrates.

Veterinary nutritionists have identified a diverse range of essential vitamins that may be provided through food ingredients and supplemental form in a pet food recipe. Fat-soluble vitamins can be stored in the body’s fatty tissue and liver. Some of the main functions of these vitamins include:

Vitamin A is essential for cell development, growth, healthy vision and immune function.
Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3) supports calcium metabolism and skeletal health.

Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) serves as a natural antioxidant, which scavenges free radicals, supports the immune system and a healthy skin and coat.

Vitamin K is essential for the protein synthesis involved in blood clotting and bone formation.
Want to learn more about cats? The petfood institute.org blog posts help explain some of the distinct differences between a dog’s and cat’s nutritional need. See the website for more information.